Year 4 of ownership has now passed by in my 2014 Nissan Leaf SL electric vehicle (EV). This post is one in a series, the rest of which can be found at Cost Info Posts. Note that all costs are in $CDN.
I’ve included a summary of costs over the 4 years. Further down you will find my usual detailed 6 month interval update, and below that any tidbits of news or information I found interesting from roughly the fall of 2017 to the spring of 2018.
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So first off, the summary of the last 4 years at a glance:
I’ve broken out ongoing operational costs like regular scheduled maintenance and fuel costs in the first columns. The green column is the operational savings each year, plus the total from 4 years. $15k… not too shabby! The blue column includes operational costs plus financing costs as compared to a comparable gasoline car (same as my usual charts, see further down for more). The purple column is if I had been able to get the $5,000 incentive at the time of purchase (but it was unavailable for a short time in BC when I bought my car… unfortunately for me 🙁
Over those 4 years, I’ve avoided emitting 27 tonnes of CO2, and approximately 60 kg of nitrous oxides, and 90kg of volatile organic carbons (some of which are known carcinogens). There are also a smorgasbord of other pollutants, check out the BC Ministry of Environment website for more. Air quality has a large impact on human health in urban areas, so aside from the GHG, there are many other good reasons to get out of petrol vehicles!
Detailed Cost Report
Now for the regular detailed cost table from the last 6 months:
There really wasn’t much of interest during this time frame that impacted cost. At the very tail end, gas costs went up quite a bit, which will likely start to show an impact in my savings rate for the upcoming 6 months!
Moving on to the graph showing cumulative costs:
Looking back to my last cost post, you’ll notice a number of changes to the forecast:
- I’ve extended the forecast out to the typical lifetime for a car, ~14 years, which at my rate of accumulating kilometres, would put my Leaf at about 500,000 km (or a bit over 300,000 miles)
- I’ve kept my first battery replacement for this fall (more on this below), and added in a second replacement another several years out
- I haven’t made a guess at major maintenance costs for the gas cars, though there would be sure to be some doozies in there (transmission, head gasket?) over that many km’s
- You’ll note that the price of getting into a used 2nd generation EV is higher then I had predicted it would be for the last few years; that’s because only the Chevrolet Bolt has been available for over 1 year now (where I thought a few years ago that there would be at least a few others), and the Bolt had a pretty high initial selling price in Canada (used ones are still high 30’s); so luckily for me, I made the right choice to get an EV when I did!
- At the end of 14 years, I will have saved enough money to purchase a replacement EV!
Back to that battery replacement though:
- I’m still not aware of anyone who has replaced their battery in Canada, so we don’t know for sure the cost here
- New fast chargers have been installed in the towns between where I live and where I work, so now I’ve got options for days where I use more juice (e.g. bad winter days)
- I’d like to replace our Forester with an “equivalent” EV
- I still have somewhere over 80% capacity in my battery after 4 years and just shy of 100,000 miles
So for these various reasons, I don’t think I’ll replace the battery in our Leaf. I am more likely to get a second EV and switch to commuting in that car, at least during the winter when the extra range would be helpful.
So with that in mind, I thought what would the cost chart look like if I “retired” the Leaf from doing the long commute each day? Retirement would mean it would get driven around the Nelson area each day instead (by my wife shuttling kids to school and off to work), and probably only accumulate 10,000 km per year. At that rate, we would never replace the battery!
Crazily enough, by cutting out those two battery replacements, I save about the same amount of money in total over the same 14 years! The Forester is also a pig on gas around town, which irritates me to no end. So I suspect we will do this, and I will stretch out the use of the Leaf for my commute until I can find an all-wheel drive electric vehicle as a replacement (hello Model Y?)
Other Interesting Items
Canada sales for 2017: battery electric vehicle sales almost doubled from 2016 to ~ 10,000 units. The market for BEV/PHEVs went up almost 70%.
Canada sales for Q1 2018: holy smokes, electric vehicles are at almost 5% marketshare of new passenger cars! (Which is basically the only market segment they exist in right now in any number.) Sales are up 75% from Q1 2017. Yes folks, they are selling in more and more numbers all the time. Your next vehicle is likely to be electrified in some way!
Charging networks in the Kootenays: thankfully with all of those EVs coming, we are also seeing a relative explosion of fast charging opportunities in BC right now, including right here in the Kootenays! The Accelerate Kootenays project just put the finishing touches on the Highway 3 route, which included 8 fast chargers. Linden (my youngest) and I were able to attend the opening ceremony in late May in Creston, which was a lot of fun 🙂
AWD EVs are coming, finally! Audi has introduced the pre-production e-tron quattro (a lifted station wagon, drool!) and will show the production version at the end of August, going on sale in Europe by the end of 2018. We should see it by mid-2019. Jaguar has released the i-Pace in Europe, which should also come here soon. Both of these are upmarket though. Volvo is supposed to release an electric XC40 in 2019. The Tesla Model 3 will be available with AWD fairly soon, and Tesla has also been hinting at the Model Y, saying they will unveil the concept version in March 2019, aiming for production 18 months later (pretty ambitious). We still don’t have any in the truly affordable range ($30k range, e.g. RAV4, Forester, Santa Fe, etc) though, and likely won’t until 2020 or 2021.